The month of May was declared as the MOO. Activities to be conducted in observance of the MOO aims to highlight the importance and significance of conservation, protection, and sustainable management of Philippine coastal and marine resources.
The significance of the ocean to human well-being is undeniable, as millions of Filipinos depend on coral reefs and their associated ecosystems, providing food and livelihood to small-scale artisanal and subsistence fishers as well as commercial fishers. The ecosystems provide diverse and valuable functions and services, such as coastal protection, fisheries production, and regulation services as well as recreational, educational and aesthetic values, contributing significantly to the tourism sector as well (Padilla, 2009). Coral Reefs, and other ecosystems also improve the adaptive capacity of coastal communities against climate change as it dissipates wave energy and improves coastal stability. Moreover, the climate is being regulated by mangroves, planktons in water, and corals which take in CO2, reducing carbon in the atmosphere.